Minnesota Definition of Gifted and Talented
Approved by MN Department of Education, August, 2005
Gifted and talented children and youth are those students with outstanding abilities identified at preschool, elementary, and secondary levels. These students are capable of high performance when compared to others of similar age, experience, and environment, and represent the diverse populations of our communities. These are students whose potential requires differentiated and challenging educational programs and/or services beyond those provided in the general school program. Students capable of high performance include those with demonstrated achievement or potential ability in any one or more of the following areas: general intellectual, specific academic subjects, creativity, leadership, and visual and performing arts.
Students with gifts and talents perform—or have the capability to perform—at higher levels compared to others of the same age, experience, and environment in one or more domains. They require modification(s) to their educational experience(s) to learn and realize their potential. Student with gifts and talents:
- Come from all racial, ethnic, and cultural populations, as well as all economic strata.
- Require sufficient access to appropriate learning opportunities to realize their potential.
- Can have learning and processing disorders that require specialized intervention and accommodation.
- Need support and guidance to develop socially and emotionally as well as in their areas of talent.
Minnesota Department of Education – Gifted and Talented
The Minnesota Department of Education (MDE) provides access to resources about state and national gifted and talented policies, publications and research studies.
Is My Child Gifted?
How can you decide if the potential you see is really an exceptional natural ability? One option is to have your child tested to document the gifts and talents you suspect, and to use that information to make it more possible for those gifts to develop.
Gifted related Minnesota legislative statutes:
- 120A.03 Mission Statement
- 126C.10 Gifted and Talented Education Revenue
- 120B.15 Gifted and Talented Student Programs
- 120B.20 Parental Curriculum Review
- 124D.03 Enrollment Options Program
- 124D.09 Post Secondary Enrollment Options Act (PSEO)
- 124D.095 Online Learning Options
Definitions in gifted education
- Achievement Tests are tests designed to see what a student has already learned.
- Ability Tests or IQ tests show how well a person thinks or what their capability is for learning.
- Cluster classroom is when identified gifted students at a grade level are assigned to one classroom with a teacher who has special training in how to teach gifted students.
- Differentiated Instruction offers a variety of learning options designed to tap into different readiness levels, interests, and learning profiles. In a differentiated class, the teacher uses (1) a variety of ways for students to explore curriculum content, (2) a variety of sense-making activities or processes through which students can come to understand and “own” information and ideas, and (3) a variety of options through which students can demonstrate or exhibit what they have learned.
- Pull-out Program offers learning opportunities dedicated to gifted instruction.
- Subject acceleration offers the gifted student the opportunity to work above grade level in a particular subject.
- Whole grade acceleration offers the gifted student the opportunity to receive instruction in all subjects above grade level of his/her age peers.
- PSEO – Post Secondary Enrollment Options Act. The purpose of this act is to promote rigorous academic pursuits and to provide a wider variety of options to high school pupils by encouraging and enabling secondary pupils to enroll full time or part time in courses or programs in eligible postsecondary institutions.
Myths about Gifted
Myths About Gifted Students from NAGC
Myths and Realities by Dr. Edward R. Amend